Physics Club Talk - Michel Devoret - Yale

Event time: 
Monday, September 17, 2018 - 3:30pm to 4:30pm
Sloane Physics laboratory - Room 57 See map
Prospect Street
Event description: 

Catching and reversing a quantum jump mid-flight

The basic phenomenon of quantum jumps between two states of a system driven by a deterministic force while undergoing continuous monitoring is exploited in precision quantum measurements and plays a key role in our fundamental understanding of open quantum systems. Quantum jumps are emblematic of the special nature of randomness in quantum theory. Although it had been argued in the past that their nature is discontinuous, modern measurement theory stipulates that the state of the system evolves continuously during a jump. Even more remarkably, in the case of a system possessing at least 3 states, it was shown theoretically that it is possible i) to obtain an advance warning that the jump is about to occur, and consequently ii) to reverse it if it was initiated by a coherent drive. We have successfully confirmed these predictions by implementing the indirect QND measurement of a superconducting artificial atom transition from its ground state G to a dark state D by monitoring the occupancy of an auxiliary bright level B coupled to G by a Rabi drive. By conditioning the tomography and manipulation of the G-D manifold on the non-occupancy of the B level for a deterministic duration, we catch and even reverse the jump to D [1]. Our experimental results, in agreement with the predictions of quantum trajectories theory with essentially no adjustable parameters, provide new ground for the exploration of real-time intervention techniques in the control of quantum systems, such as early detection of error syndromes.

Hosted by Steve Girvin